Election Day 2018 has come to an end, and California voters decided on nearly a dozen statewide measures from rent control to repealing the state’s fuel tax.
Prop. 1: Affordable Housing Bond
Authorizes $4 billion in general obligation bonds for existing affordable housing programs for low-income residents, veterans, farmworkers, manufactured and mobile homes, infill, and transit-oriented housing. Fiscal impact: Increased state costs to repay bonds averaging about $170 million annually over the next 35 years. Approved by 54%.
Prop. 2: Mental Health Housing
Amends Mental Health Services Act to fund No Place Like Home Program, which finances housing for individuals with mental illness. Ratifies existing law establishing the No Place Like Home Program. Fiscal Impact: Allows the state to use up to $140 million per year of county mental health funds to repay up to $2 billion in bonds. These bonds would fund housing for those with mental illness who are homeless. Approved by 61%.
Prop. 3: Water Bond
Authorizes $8.877 billion in state general obligation bonds for various infrastructure projects. Fiscal Impact: Increased state costs to repay bonds averaging $430 million per year over 40 years. Local government savings for water-related projects, likely averaging a couple hundred million dollars annually over the next few decades. Rejected by 52%.
Prop. 4: Children’s Hospital Bonds Initiative
Authorizes bonds funding construction at hospitals providing children’s health care. initiative statute. Approved by 60%.
Prop. 5: Portable Prop 13
Would have removed certain transfer requirements for homeowners over 55, severely disabled homeowners, and contaminated or disaster-destroyed property. Fiscal impact: Schools and local governments each would lose more than $100 million in annual property taxes early on, growing to about $1 billion per year. Similar increase in state costs to backfill school property tax losses. Rejected by 58%.
Prop. 6: Gas Tax Repeal
Repeals a 2017 transportation law’s taxes and fees designated for road repairs and public transportation. Fiscal impact: Reduced ongoing revenues of $5.1 billion from state fuel and vehicle taxes that mainly would have paid for highway and road maintenance and repairs, as well as transit programs. Rejected by 55%.
Prop. 7: Daylight Saving Time
Gives Legislature ability to change daylight saving time period by two-thirds vote, if changes are consistent with federal law. Fiscal impact: This measure has no direct fiscal effect because changes to daylight saving time would depend on future actions by the Legislature and potentially the federal government. Approved by 60%.
Prop. 8: Dialysis Center Regulations
Would have required rebates and penalties if charges exceeded limit. Required annual reporting to the state. Prohibited clinics from refusing to treat patients based on payment source. Fiscal impact: Overall annual effect on state and local governments ranging from net positive impact in the low tens of millions of dollars to net negative impact in the tens of millions of dollars. Rejected by 61%.
Prop. 11: Paramedic Break Time
Requires private-sector emergency ambulance employees to remain on-call during work breaks. Eliminates certain employer liability. Approved by 60%.
Prop. 12: Bigger Farm Animal Cages
Establishes minimum requirements for confining certain farm animals. Prohibits sales of meat and egg products from animals confined in noncomplying manner. Fiscal impact: Potential decrease in state income tax revenues from farm businesses, likely not more than several million dollars annually. State costs up to $10 million annually to enforce the measure. Approved by 60%.