LOS ANGELES (CBSLA.com) — With the passage of Proposition 64 Tuesday night, California has joined a growing cohort of states that allow for the recreational use of marijuana.

The recreational use of cannabis is now legal along the entire West Coast, and California’s vote gave legalization advocates powerful momentum as they move their cause into other states.

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The measure imposes a 15-percent sales tax on retail sales of marijuana, as well as a cultivation tax of $9.25 per ounce of marijuana flowers and $2.75 per ounce of marijuana leaves.

But what does the new law mean for Californians? And when do the changes take effect?

Changes Effective Immediately:

  • As of Nov. 9, California residents 21 and older are allowed to possess as much as an ounce of marijuana or eight grams of concentrated cannabis, according to the California chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML).
  • California residents may also grow as many as six plants per residence and possess the marijuana produced by those plants. (Any harvest over an ounce must be kept in a secure location out of the public eye, however). Also, municipalities may forbid outdoor growing.

Still Prohibited:

  • The consumption of marijuana while driving or riding as a passenger in a car, boat of plane.
  • Smoking marijuana in public places, including the grounds of a school.
  • Smoking marijuana in “non-smoking” areas.
  • Possession of more than an ounce of marijuana. (Punishable by a fine or as many as six months in jail).
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No Retail Sales Until 2018

  • The retail sale of marijuana will not begin until at least Jan 1, 2018. Businesses planning to sell marijuana for recreational use will need to undergo a permitting and licensing process.
  • Current medical marijuana patients still have the same rights and access to marijuana they had before the passage of Prop. 64.

Other Limitations:

  • Employers may still enforce a no-drug policy among their employees.
  • Landlords may prohibit tenants from possessing marijuana on the premises of their property.

Prior Marijuana Convictions:

  • Anyone convicted of a marijuana-related crime who would not have been guilty of that offense or who would have been guilty of a lesser offense under the statutes of the new marijuana law may petition the courts to have their record changed or sentence amended, NORML says.

(©2016 CBS Local Media, a division of CBS Radio Inc. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Wire services contributed to this report.)


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