LOS ANGELES (CBS/AP) — Bookseller Borders, which helped pioneer superstores that put countless mom-and-pop bookshops out of business, filed for bankruptcy protection Tuesday, sunk by crushing debt and sluggishness in adapting to a rapidly changing industry.

The 40-year-old company plans to close about 200 of its 642 stores over the next few weeks. All of the stores closed will be superstores, Borders spokeswoman Mary Davis said. The company also operates smaller Waldenbooks and Borders Express stores.

Among the Southland stores listed for closure are three Los Angles outlets: at 10250 Santa Monica Blvd. in West Los Angeles; 6081 Center Drive in Westchester and 14651 Ventura Blvd. in Sherman Oaks.

Other Los Angeles County stores on the closure list are in Long Beach, Glendale, Cerritos, Pasadena, Valencia, Rolling Hills Estates and Pico Rivera.

In Orange County, stores would be closed in Orange, Yorba Linda and Tustin.

Borders Group Inc. President Mike Edwards said in a written statement that cautious consumer spending, negotiations with publishers and other vendors and a lack of liquidity made it clear Borders “does not have the capital resources it needs to be a viable competitor.”

Borders plans to operate normally and honor gift cards and its loyalty program as it reorganizes.

The company will receive $505 million in debtor-in-possession financing from GE Capital and others to help it reorganize. In January, Borders said it was considering a bankruptcy filing after it received a conditional $550 million loan from GE Capital that required it to secure financing elsewhere.

According to the Chapter 11 filing with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Southern District of New York, Borders had $1.28 billion in assets and $1.29 billion in debts as of Dec. 25.

It owes tens of millions of dollars to publishers, including $41.1 million to Penguin Putnam, $36.9 million to Hachette Book Group, $33.8 million to Simon & Schuster and $33.5 million to Random House.

Activist investor William Ackman, whose Pershing Square Management Co. has a nearly 15 percent stake in the company, also stands to be a big loser.

He offered to finance a $16-per-share Borders-led takeover bid for rival Barnes & Noble in December, but nothing materialized.

It has been a long fall for the Ann Arbor, Mich., company, which 15 years ago appeared to be the future of bookselling. But big-box bookstores have struggled as competition has become increasingly tough as books become available in more locations, from Costco to Walmart, online sales grow and electronic books gain in popularity.

Borders also suffered from a series of errors: failing to catch onto the growing importance of the Web and electronic books, not reacting quickly enough to declining music and DVD sales, and hiring four CEOs in 5 years without book-selling experience.

Even as the book industry shifted around it, Borders seemed to be in denial and focused on adding superstores, said Michael Norris, senior trade analyst at Simba Information.

“Books and content just became so available at so many other locations, online and offline, the ‘grow, rinse, repeat’ mindset just wouldn’t work anymore,” he said.

In addition, Americans are simply buying fewer books. Sales fell nearly 5 percent in 2010 to 717.8 million from 751.7 million last year, according to Nielsen, which tracks about 70 percent of book sales but doesn’t include Walmart stores.

At its peak in 2003, Borders operated 1,249 stores under the Borders and Waldenbooks names, but now it operates barely half that. Its annual revenue has fallen by about $1 billion since 2006, the last year it reported a profit.

Borders’ rival Barnes & Noble, which has 29.8 percent of the book market compared with Borders’ 14.3 percent according to IBIS World, has done better by adapting to e-commerce and electronic books more quickly and keeping management stable.

By the time Borders’ current CEO, financier Bennett LeBow, came aboard in May 2010 after injecting $25 million into the company, the ship was listing badly.

The bad news began to pile up December: Borders suffered its ninth consecutive money-losing quarter, a key holiday sales figure fell a dismal 14.6 percent and the company announced it was delaying payments to some vendors to preserve cash.

Fordham University marking professor Al Greco said Borders can operate with fewer stores, but the same challenges remain, Greco said.

“This is not a good day for book retailers, book readers and book publishers,” Greco said. “It’s a serious problem that a major chain that did a nice job for many years could not survive.”

For a list of Borders stores that are closing, click here.

(TM and © Copyright 2010 CBS Local Media, a division of CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2010 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

Comments (11)
  1. Vincent G. Barrios says:

    What happens to those of us that own their version on the ereader… the KOBO?!?

    1. Autumn westwood says:

      Hey I use to work for borders I left in January but don’t worry the kobo isn’t exclusive so you can still get ebooks and kobo is it’s own company you’ll be okay 🙂

  2. mrvikings says:

    Technology (free Mp3 -apple Downloads-IPods) – killed Tower Records, Music plus, Sam Goodies, etc…just as Apple I Pad killed Books. Computers killed books as well with students now reluctant to read anymore, they’ll cut and paste from internet to turn in plagiarizing homework for a quick fix and passing grade. What happens, students don’t learn a thing and can’t fill out a job application. The American society is going down hill due to humans relying on Technology to help guide them through life.

    200 stores = about 4,000 jobs, there goes the unemployment rate rising to all new High!!!
    Scary !!!!!!

  3. KU says:

    The iPad is the book-killer? Kids stopped picking up books long before last year.

  4. james says:

    hey kindle morons…you are the reason this is happening!

    1. krg says:

      hey James, since the kindle didn’t exist in 2006 (when Borders started to fall apart) I’d say YOU are the moron.

  5. Megan says:

    I love borders! this is soooo sad! I hate those electronic readers. Old fashion books are the best!

  6. Josh Butts says:

    So Boarders put countless mom-and-pop bookshops out of business? Well what goes around comes around.

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